Polyvinyl Chloride: The Main Properties & Uses of PVC Polymers!

Polyvinyl Chloride: The Main Properties & Uses of PVC Polymers!

uses of pvc polymers

Nowadays, Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the most versatile and widely used synthetic polymers of all time. Its exceptional characteristics and diverse range of applications have contributed to becoming a cornerstone of modern industry and everyday life.

According to the PVC Market Research Report 2023, The global market for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) polymer materials was estimated to be worth USD 45515.95 million in 2022; over the course of the forecast period, it is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.84% to reach USD 60436.8 million by 2028.

Consequently, the polymer market is evolving rapidly with the ongoing expansion of the industry, so staying on top of polymer trends is crucial to remain competitive in the market. As a leading polymer distribution company – PolyMart offers a seamless and convenient way to buy and sell polymers online.

The following information will provide you with an overview of Polyvinyl Chloride PVC uses and properties – the best-selling types of polymers; before we proceed to secure “buy polymers online” procurement.

The Portrayal of Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)

A white, brittle solid material known as PVC polymer material is produced by polymerizing a vinyl chloride monomer. Resin is the key component in the manufacturing process. It is available in powder or granule form. Traditionally, ceramics, metals, concrete, wood, rubber, and other construction materials have been replaced with PVC due to its strength and durability.
As one of the strongest synthetic plastic polymers, polyvinyl chloride/polyvinyl chloride is widely used in the construction industry. It has a wide range of applications, making it the third most commonly used polymer material around the globe. It has been estimated that 40 million tons of PVC are produced annually.
Poly vinyl chloride is amorphous by nature, making it simple to mix with other substances or chemicals. A wide range of attributes, such as anti-mist, various colours, elasticity, fire retardancy, flexibility, impact resistance, and microbe prevention, can be added to products by using additives when manufacturing with PVC. The PolyMart Buyer App is a straightforward way to buy various types of polymers, such as PVC, HDPE, LDPE, and so forth.

What are The PVC Uses and Properties?

We have added a spotlight in the following section to give you an overview of PVC uses and properties.

Uses of PVC

  • Construction products
  • Packaging purposes
  • Wires & Cables
  • Automotive
  • Medical
  • Toys

Properties of PVC

  • PVC is a lightweight, sturdy and abrasion-resistant material.
  • It is resistant to extreme weather conditions, shock, and corrosion.
  • By adding plasticizers such as phthalate, PVC can be made more flexible and softer, and it can be bent to meet specific requirements.
  • PVC has an inherent flame retardant property.
  • It has a high tensile strength and is naturally rigid.
  • It is a cost-effective and time-saving solution.
  • It requires less upkeep and is resistant to grease and oil.

What are The Types & Applications of Polyvinyl Chloride?

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is divided into two main categories, each tailored to specific applications. PVC comes in rigid (RPVC/UPVC) and flexible forms. However, there are additional types, such as Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC), Molecular Oriented PVC (PVC-O), and Modified PVC (PVC-M).

Rigid or Unplasticized PVC (Density: 1.3-1.45 g/cm3)

Rigid PVC, also known as unplasticized PVC (uPVC), is stiff and strong. It can sustain various chemicals, acids, and bases, expanding its utility in diverse environments. These properties of polymer make it ideal for outdoor use, construction, doors and windows, plastic bottles and packaging, as well as bank cards and membership cards. It goes by various names such as UPVC, PVC-U, or uPVC.

Flexible or Plasticized PVC (Density: 1.1-1.35 g/cm3):

This variant is created by incorporating compatible plasticizers into PVC, reducing crystallinity. Taking advantage of these qualities, a range of industries keep using flexible PVC to create dependable and creative solutions. These plasticizers function as lubricants, making the plastic more transparent and flexible. This type is sometimes referred to as PVC-P. Example – medical devices, packaging, gaskets, costumes, footwear, and luggage.

Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC):

CPVC is produced through the chlorination of PVC resin, resulting in a higher chlorine content. This imparts increased durability, chemical stability, and flame retardancy. CPVC can withstand a broader range of temperatures. CPVC is commonly used in hot and cold water systems, industrial piping, and other applications where resistance to corrosive chemicals and higher temperatures is necessary.

Molecular Oriented PVC (PVC-O):

Formed by reorganizing the amorphous structure of PVC-U into a layered structure, PVC-O exhibits enhanced physical characteristics, including stiffness, fatigue resistance, and lightweight properties. In addition, PVC-O is suitable for potable water systems, irrigation, and other applications where high strength, toughness, long-term reliability are highly required.

Modified PVC (PVC-M):

PVC-M is a PVC alloy formed by the addition of modifying substances. This treatment improves the toughness and impact qualities of the material, making it more resilient. It is utilized in pressure pipe systems for water distribution, irrigation, and other applications where toughness and impact resistance are necessary, quite similar to PVC-O.
Moreover, The addition of plasticizers into PVC illustrates the material’s versatility and expands its utility, making it advantageous for a wide range of products and industries, from infrastructure and construction to consumer goods and specialized applications.

Conclusion

Intersted to buy and sell polymers online? PolyMart Seller App is a one-stop platform for finding reliable polymer suppliers in India as well as sellers can have the opportunity to expand their market reach. The polymer market is complex and highly volatile, however, with PolyMart, you can sell in abundance, whilst receiving immediate remuneration.
On the other side, if you are one of those looking forward to buy polymers online, PolyMart Buyer app has make your buying process more hassle-free. Whether in need of HDPE, LDPE, PP, or PVC polymer, our team is there to help you crack a reliable deal. Install the PolyMart app in your device right away!

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